• Definition: Sigmund Freud's theory is based on the idea that mental disorders arise from conflicts in the unconscious mind.

Quite Simply...

  • It's a battle between two antagonistic parts of the personality; the id and superego in which the ego tries to resolve the conflicts of the two.
  • It's Freud's way of explaining how mental disorders arise in the mind.
  • It portrays the mind as a sort of mental boiler that holds the rising pressure of the unconscious sexual and destructive desires, along with memories of traumatic events.

Examples of the Psychoanalytic Theory

  • Like a child, the id always acts on impulses and pushes for immediate gratification especially sexual, physical, and emotion pleasures.
  • The superego serves as the minds "police force" in charge of values and morals learned from parents and from society.
  • If you found that you have been given to much change back at a grocery store, the superego would insist that you give it back, while the id might urge you to spend it on a new pair of sneakers.The ego would then try and find compromise which might include returning the money and buying your sneakers with your own money. However, pressures from the id ,superego and the environment intensify and it becomes more difficult for the ego to find workable compromises. The result may be the disturbed thoughts and behaviors that signify mental disorder.
  • You find a wallet on the ground in which you seen a guy drop;the superego tells you to give it back ,but the id tells you to keep it in which the ego tries to satisfy both sides by finding a compromise that includes giving the wallet back and you making your own money by getting a job rightfully earning it on your own.

Freud's Model of the Mind

Freud compared the mind to an iceberg: The visible part being the conscious, the somewhat visible being

preconscious and the submerged portion being the unconscious mind.

See Also...