Cognitive view


Book Definition: The psychological perspective emphasizing mental processes, such as learning, memory, perception, and thinking, as forms of information processing.

In Your Own Words


  • Branch of psychology that focuses mainly on thinking.
  • The way you learn influences the way you think and perceive the world around you.
  • This perspective has the best parts of Structuralists, Functionalists, and Gestalts.
  • Mental processes = cognitions (i.e. thoughts).
  • The way you think affects your actions or outcome of a situation which is why people have a hard time deciding between choices.
  • The brain is a biological computer and how we process determines how we behave.


Examples

  • Partying vs. studying = failing vs. good grades = minimum wage job vs. college acceptance.
  • Sleeping vs. studying = failing vs. passing test = bad G.P.A vs. good G.P.A.

Cognitive Psychologists:
  • Jean Piaget
  • Uric Nisser

Additional Resources


http://wps.prenhall.com/chet_eggen_education_6/0,8057,885470-,00.html