Book Definition: Successive, instinctive patterns of associating pleasure with stimulation of specific bodily areas at different times of life.

In Your Own Words


  • A developing child associating pleasure with stimulation.

Stages and Definitions


  • The oral stage- Pleasure is associated with the mouth: suckling, crying, and spewing. Later problems include smoking, nail-biting, and obesity.
  • The anal stage- Pleasure comes from stimulating parts of the body associated with elimination (bladder and bowel functions). Later problems include messiness, temper tantrums, and cruelty.
  • The phallic stage- Pleasure comes from "immature" sexual expression, such as masturbation. Later problems include jealously, egocentric sex, and problems with parents.
  • Latency- Repression of sexual and aggressive desires. Later problems include excessive modesty and preference for company of the same sex.
  • The genital stage- Brings mature sexual relationships. No later problems are associated with this stage.

Any problems that occur during childhood/adolecence stages could later result in problems when they are older.


Pleasure / Conflict Chart
Age
Name
Pleasure source
Conflict
0-2
Oral
Mouth: sucking, biting, swallowing
Weaning away from mother's breast
2-4
Anal
Anus: defecating or retaining feces
Toilet training
4-5
Phallic
Genitals
Oedipus (boys), Electra (girls)
6-puberty
Latency
Sexual urges sublimated into sports and hobbies. Same-sex friends also help avoid sexual feelings.

Puberty and beyond
Genital
Physical sexual changes reawaken repressed needs. Direct sexual feelings towards others lead to sexual gratification.
Social rules
Fixedness Chart
Age
Name
Later Signs of Problems Beginning at This Stage
0-2
Oral
Smoking, Nail biting, Dependency, Gullibility
2-4
Anal
Messiness, Excessive Cleanliness
4-5
Phallic
Jealousy, Sexual Conquests, Problems with parents
6-Puberty
Latency
Excessive modesty, Homosexuality
*Puberty through Adulthood (also known as the Genital Stage) has no later signs.

Additional Resources



  1. http://wilderdom.com/personality/L8-5FreudPsychosexualStagesDevelopment.html
    1. http://www.victorianweb.org/science/freud/develop.html