Multiple Intelligence Theory

Book Definition:

A term used to refer to Gardner's theory, which proposes that there are seven (or more) forms of intelligence.


In the 1920's psychologist John Spearman came up with the theory that there is a general intellegence,

called the g-factor. In 1963, Raymond Cattell determined that general intelligence has two different "independent components": fluid Intelligence and crystallized Intelligence- refelcts the persons ability to store and retrieve information from semantic memory. Sternberg's triarchic theory has 3 intellegences: practical intelligence, analytical intelligence, ad creative intelligence.The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University. It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited. Instead, Dr. Gardner proposed eight different intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults.

Quite Simply...

  • A theory of intelligence saying that there are at least seven types of intelligence, not just logical/analytical intelligence that are tested by things such as an IQ test.
  • People are smart in different ways.
  • You can't test a person's intelligence with one test because then you are just testing one type of intelligence.

Examples of Multiple Intelligences

  • Linguistic intelligence is being 'book smart'.
  • Logical-mathematical intelligence involves reasoning skills.
  • Spatial intelligence is being aware of where objects are in space.
  • Musical intelligence is when someone has a good sense of rhythm.
  • Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence involves a person's sense of movement.
  • Interpersonal intelligence is being 'people smart'.
  • Intrapersonal intellegence is knowing yourself.
  • Gardner later revised this theory to incorporate three more intelligences: naturalistic, existential, and spiritual.

See Also