1. Dimitri and Linda are trying to learn a new routine to compete successfully in a dance competition. Give an
example of how each of the following could affect their performance. Definitions without application do not score.
Extrinsic motivation
Punishment
Proactive interference
Endorphins
Vestibular system
Divergent thinking
Introversion


[collaboratively answer the essay here... use the discussion to discuss the possible answers]

Extrinsic motivation is the desire to engage in an activity to acheive and external reward or consequence. Extrinsic motivation would affect Dimitri and Linda in a positive way. They could be extrinsically motivated by the rewards of doing well in the competition; performing well in front of a large crowd (or the fear of messing up in front of a large crowd), winning a cash prize, trophy or other award, or just the fame and glory of winning in front of lots of people could be external motivators. Thus, extrinsic motivation could positively affect them and motivate them to do their best. And all of the positive rewards can "push" them to go over and beyond what they can do.

Dimitri and Linda might also be motivated because of punishment. Perhaps if they mess up their routine or do not win the competition their parents or coaches will inflict positive punishment on them. Their punishment could be no pay check, not being allowed to hang with friends on the weekend, or being kicked off the dance squad. This positive punishment would most likely increase Dimitri and Linda's ability to perform the dance routine or win their competition.

Proactive interference also would play a big role in the final performance. Dimitri and Linda have probably learned many other dances in their lives and might know those steps by heart. While learning the new dance proactive interference may occur and disable them to learn and remember new dance moves. This would severely affect their dance at the competition.

While practicing Dimitri and Linda could become hurt and possibly roll their ankle. The pain of their rolled ankle evokes their neurotransmitters to send endorphins to work as an opioid chemical to control their pain. This will allow Dimitri and Linda to continue their dance routine. Also, dance is a form of exercise which releases endorphins; endorphins give general feelings of good sensation and well being to a person, which will also help their performance.

An introvert is someone who is quiet and reserved. Introverts are more focused on inner experiences like thoughts or feelings. If either Dimitri or Linda is an introverted person, they may perform worse due to their anti-social personalities. They may perform better alone, yet not well with others. Also if either Dimitri or Linda is introverted they may be hesitant to perform in front of others due to shyness. If Dimitri or Linda are afraid of performing for large crowds, the routine could possibly be ruined resulting in punishment.

The vestibular sense plays an important part with Dimitri and Linda's dance performance. The vestibular sense is the sense of the body that is related to the inner ear. It is designed to carry sound to the brain in the auditory nerve. Without hearing the music being played during their dance, Dimitri and Linda wouldn't be successful with performing the dance at all. Therefore, the vestibular sense is needed in order to hear what is being played so that Dimitri and Linda could perform to the best of their abilities.

Divergent Thinking plays a big role in Dimitri and Linda's dance performance. If Dimitri and Linda are divergent thinkers, it can help to make their dance move more intricate and complicated, making them score higher if performed correctly.