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The Science of Psychology
The Biological Perspective
Sensation & Perception
Motivation and Emotion
Testing and Intelligence
Treatment of Psychological Disorders
2013-14 Example Starters
When I was a kid...
In the future...
At a concert...
In a world...
If you were raised by wolves...
At a restaurant...
Basically I got in trouble because...
One does not simply...
If you were alone in the world...
When the zombies come...
When you're driving...
When I have kids...
We could test this out...
If we didn't have this...
In a rap battle...
I could use my knowledge of this to predict that...
While studying for my test...
_______ is related to _______ because...
When you are playing call of duty...
Biology, natural selection, and adaptation
Heightened human abilities
The Ninja and His Nemesis
Nature v Nurture
Gina and Tina: Separated Twins
The extension of a learned response to stimuli that are similar to the conditioned stimulus.
Responding to things that are similar to the
Learning to react to one thing but then confusing other things for that one thing.
Responding the same way to a (slightly) different stimulus.
Examples of Stimulus Generalization
Fearing a spider and responding the same way to all spiders disregarding the size or shape.
In Pavlov's experiment, a dog salivating to the sound of all bells. Stimulus generalization would be like if the dog also salivated to a whistle or a click.
Being attacked by a dog and developing a fear of all dogs, not just the one that attacked you
Being bitten by a snake, and consequently fearing all types of snakes after being bitten by that one specific one.
You crashed on a bicycle and injured yourself when you were young, as a result you grow up in fear of riding one.
Little Albert Experiment
After studying classical conditioning in the 1920s, psychologist
conducted the experiment which coined this term. Watson put a young boy named
Albert in a room and repeatedly presented him with a white rat. The white rat was a neutral stimulus because it caused only mild curiosity in little Albert. However, Watson soon began to condition a fear of the white rat into little Albert by pounding a loud metal gong directly behind little Albert's head each time the white rat approached. Soon Albert would burst into tears upon seeing the white rat. This is a typical case of
. Where the Stimulus generalization comes into play is when Watson presents little Albert with other things that are white and furry. Little Albert was now also afraid of a white cloth bag, a santa claus mask, cotton balls and various other things that shared the characteristics of the white rat.
which is the opposite of Stimulus Generalization
which is what Stimulus Generalization is based upon
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