Book Definition: A retrieval method in which one must identify present stimuli as having been previously presented. (pg 254)

In Your Own Words


  • Noticing that you have seen or heard stimuli before.
  • Realizing something you've already been introduced to in the past.
  • Being able to pick out a memory from a group of stimuli.
  • Identifying something experienced before by comparing it to other stimuli.
  • A retrieval method that relates a stimuli to something you have already experienced.
  • Remembering something because you have been previously introduced already.
  • It's normally easier than recall because the stuff is right in front of you and you have to "search your brain" based on what's given rather than searching your brain, alone.

Examples/Functions


  • Recognizing a song that you have heard on the radio before.
  • Recognizing someone who you have previously met.
  • Used frequently on multiple-choice tests; you may choose the answer you remember having heard/seen before.
  • When you're in the car recognizing areas that you have been before but don't go by often.
  • Recognizing the streets and signs that you pass in order to get to someones house.
  • Knowing what medicine you typically buy for your cold when you stand in the aisle and view all the brands of cold medicine.
  • Picking someone out of a police line up.
  • Recognizing a past dance routine that you haven't done in a while while watching one of your team mates do it.
  • Remembering a word after someone tells you the the first syllable.
  • In psychology class when you are listening to your teacher talk and you hear a vocabulary work that you recognize from your assigned book reading last night.