Simplified Definition: A social-learning technique in which someone demonstrates something to encourage the other person to imitate a specific behavior.


Making It Simple....


  • When a person shows the client how to act in certain situations.
  • Seeing how something effects someone else, and that changing your perception of it.
  • Monkey see monkey do!
  • Uses observational learning to produce desired behaviors.
  • The learning that takes place through watching others that will then change the way you act.


Examples Of Participant Modeling!


  • Mr. Wray's example of showing his students who feared spiders the spider under the document camera. He touched it and explained that it could not hurt him and that this behavior was irrational.
  • Joseph had a fear of roller coasters from watching movies so Thomas would ride every ride to show that fear is irrational.
  • If you had a fear of snakes your teacher would touch a harmless snake, such as the one that Mrs. Twiddy used to have, to show that the fear is irrational.
  • If you had a fear for dogs your friend and or dog owner would pet it to show that its harmless.


PROS:
  • Allows them to see other peoples reactions.
  • Doesn't force the person.
  • Slowly acclimates people to irrational fears.
CONS:
  • May be ineffective.
  • The patient may copy everything anyone else does for the rest of their life.
  • Patient may not learn anything, will depend on others for the rest of their lives.


Additional Resources


  1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1130483/