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The Science of Psychology
The Biological Perspective
Sensation & Perception
Motivation and Emotion
Testing and Intelligence
Treatment of Psychological Disorders
2013-14 Example Starters
When I was a kid...
In the future...
At a concert...
In a world...
If you were raised by wolves...
At a restaurant...
Basically I got in trouble because...
One does not simply...
If you were alone in the world...
When the zombies come...
When you're driving...
When I have kids...
We could test this out...
If we didn't have this...
In a rap battle...
I could use my knowledge of this to predict that...
While studying for my test...
_______ is related to _______ because...
When you are playing call of duty...
Biology, natural selection, and adaptation
Heightened human abilities
The Ninja and His Nemesis
Nature v Nurture
Gina and Tina: Separated Twins
The tendency to attend to evidence that complements and confirms to our beliefs or expectations, while ignoring evidence that does not.
Focusing only on information that coincides with your beliefs or opinions and ignoring information that proves your ideas false.
Only listening what you already believe is right, not listening to anyone else's beliefs.
Searching for information in a way that confirms one's preconceptions, leading to statistical errors in experiments.
Decision makers have been shown to actively seek out and assign more weight to evidence that confirms their hypothesis, and ignore or underweigh evidence that could disconfirm their hypothesis which
Examples of Confirmation Bias
In an experiment, researchers may take the data they receive that supports their hypothesis and focus on it while ignoring the other data.
Listening only to political candidates who you already agree with while ignoring the opposing party.
as a conservative or watching only
if you are a liberal.
Looking up disease symptoms on
and focusing on the few symptoms that you have while ignoring the many that you don't.
Only listening to music that you like and shutting out other music styles.
When you have a pessimistic outlook you look at all of the negative aspects of a situation and disregard all of the positives.
Reading your horoscope everyday, listening to it when it says something good will happen, and ignoring it when it says something bad will happen.
A reporter who is writing an article on an important issue may only interview experts that support her or his views on the issue.
A student who is going to write a research paper may primarily search for information that would confirm his or her beliefs.
A study was done to make predictions about different occupations males and females will hold in the future. P
ast research has shown that women get higher test scores on verbal, writing and comprehension exercises while males get higher on mathematics, politics and geography. The differences in sexes are noticed at an early age. These differences tend to make a difference in the jobs males and females tend to hold. It was noted when doing studies on males versus females the researcher must be careful to overlook stereotypes so that there is no confirmation bias.
Halpern, D. F. (2004). A cognitive-process taxonomy for sex differences in cognitive abilities.
//Current Directions in Psychological Science//
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