Book Definition: A developmental disorder marked by disabilities in language, social interaction, and the ability to understand another person's state of mind.

History


Goes as far back as 1911 when Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist, first coined the term; however, that term applied to adult schizophrenia.
Some blamed a child's autism on parents' abuse/negligence.

In Your Own Words


  • A disorder you can be born with that disables you to mature at the same level of others your age.
  • A disorder where a child does not function "normally," lacking the understanding of social "rules"/reactions and often has trouble with communication.
  • Lack of the key abilities to communicate such as facial reactions, tone, etc.
  • A disorder that causes an individual to lack no theory of mind, have low emotional intelligence, and express no observational learning.
  • Inability to communicate on a higher level with others.

Examples/Functions


  • I babysit an individual with autism. He is a splendid kid and I love babysitting him. He is actually the easiest kid to babysit. With his level of autism, he is very self-sufficient- he truly does his own thing. All I have to do is listen. He is not a very social-interactive kid, but he loves movies, music, and cooking. He will recite movie trailers, or give movie reviews. He also writes down the CD jacket's of CD's. He has an amazing memory. As a child with autism, he has his own personal strengths and weaknesses. He also does not handle all sorts of changes. If the sandwich isn't cut correctly, a problem arises. If there is no tartar sauce, he cannot eat the fish...and so on.
  • A child with autism can be overly fascinated with details most people overlook.
  • Autism can affect ones motor skills; for example, my sister cannot talk.
  • I used to go to day care with a child with autism. He never talked to anyone, but he made strange sounds and walked around wildly twirling a jump rope. He once kicked me randomly (I didn't do anything)... but it seems he did not understand how doing that could make someone feel. He always needed to have the jump rope; if it was taken he would get very angry.
  • Aspergers Syndrome is one of the types of autism. Those affected by it usually have an obsessive focus on a single topic.
  • A child with autism could have trouble making eye contact and keeping friends because they do not understand others feelings.
  • A child with autism usually has some communication issues and barriers.
Remember Person First language!

Additional Resources

  1. https://health.google.com/health/ref/Autism
  2. http://www.autismspeaks.org/whatisit/index.php
  3. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/autism/detail_autism.htm
  4. http://autism.healingthresholds.com/therapy/picture-exchange-communication-system-pecs
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