Book Definition: In Zuckerman's theory, individuals who have a biological need for higher levels of stimulation than do other people.

History (Optional)


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In Your Own Words


  • People who want to live "on the edge".

Examples/Functions


  • A guy who goes skydiving to feel the "rush".
  • These people are usually impulsive, and like to do the unexpected.
  • A girl bingie jumps to feel the "thrill".

Additional Resources


1. http://proskydiving.com/

Research


  • Zuckerman conducted a study on the relationships between personality and risk-taking in six areas: smoking, drinking, drugs, sex, driving, and gambling. He gave 260 college students self-report measures of risky behaviors in each of the six areas and asked them to fill out the Zuckerman-Kohlman five-factor personality questionnaire. Generalized risk taking in all six areas was related to scales for impulsive sensation seeking, aggression, and sociability. The study also discussed biological factors associated with risk-taking and personality (particularly sensation seeking), such as dopamine pathways in the brain. Zuckerman's study basically showed that a sensation seeker was someone who was very risky, as they have a biological need for higher levels of stimulation than do other people.