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The Science of Psychology
The Biological Perspective
Sensation & Perception
Motivation and Emotion
Testing and Intelligence
Treatment of Psychological Disorders
2013-14 Example Starters
When I was a kid...
In the future...
At a concert...
In a world...
If you were raised by wolves...
At a restaurant...
Basically I got in trouble because...
One does not simply...
If you were alone in the world...
When the zombies come...
When you're driving...
When I have kids...
We could test this out...
If we didn't have this...
In a rap battle...
I could use my knowledge of this to predict that...
While studying for my test...
_______ is related to _______ because...
When you are playing call of duty...
Biology, natural selection, and adaptation
Heightened human abilities
The Ninja and His Nemesis
Nature v Nurture
Gina and Tina: Separated Twins
The proposal that an emotion-provoking stimulus produces a
that, in turn,
This theory was proposed in the early days of psychology, just over a century ago by William James. It was simultaneously proposed by the Danish psychologist Carl Lange.
In Your Own Words
Emotions are caused by how our body reacts to a stimulus.
Physiological reaction happens first, then the emotion.
Stimulus-> physical response-> emotion
Emotions are responses to an onset of physical arousal.
Emotions are produced by physical responses.
The action causes the emotion.
Emotions caused by how our body reacts to something.
we smile or laugh
our heart beats quickly
our jaw drops
our hair rises
In an odd experiment, they used rats and subjected them to fear conditioning to see how the importance of the amygdala's brain processes result in behaviors related to experiencing fear. By shocking the rats after every time they heard a sound and would try to figure out where the sound was coming from, the next time they heard the sound they would tense up and show the same fear response when they heard the sound multiple times after. With this experiment, they determined that the amygdala detects and organizes responses to natural dangers, and in turn learns about the threats and the stimuli that predict their occurrence.
LeDoux, J. (1998). Fear and the brain: where have we been, and where are we going?. Biological psychiatry, 44(12), 1229-1238.
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