One main reason to study psychology is to be able to predict peoples feelings, actions and thoughts. Well here on this page is where we will store up a huge list of ways that we can use what we are learning this year to be able to predict things about people.

INSTRUCTIONS:
  1. Click edit and complete the statement "I could use my knowledge of thisto predict that..." below or edit someone else's example to make it make more sense.
  2. USE PSYCHOLOGICAL VOCABULARY FROM PSYCHLOPEDIA IN YOUR PREDICTIONS
  3. Link to the psych term that you are using to predict something by highlighting it, clicking the link button and matching it up to the right page on psychlopedia.
  4. Only use each term once... unless that prediction is wrong... in that case, replace it

Chapter 2: Research Methods

  • I could use my knowledge of confirmation bias to predict that my conservative uncle will ignore the bad press that Mitt Romney has gotten in the last week.

Chapter 3: Biopsychology

  • I could use my knowledge of natural selection to predict that humans are going to become weak, bucktoothed and blind because those are no longer traits that promote survival. People have glasses, braces and don't need to outrun saber-toothed tigers anymore in order to survive and reproduce.
  • I could use my knowledge of central tendency measures (like mean, median, mode) to analyze data from a survet on the average height of NBA basketball players and predict the most likely average height in the most recent player draft.
  • I could use my knowledge of epigenetics to predict that some genes in humans may be expressed differently (though there is no change to the underlying DNA) when exposed to the different environments of the future. Like other kinds of genetic material, an epigenetic "mold" can, in some cases, be passed along from one generation to the next, and change the mechanical phenotypeof a cell.
  • I could use my knowledge of neurons to predict that when I touch a hot stove, my hand will feel extreme heat, and react.
  • I could use my knowledge of "localization of functions" to predict that Alzheimer's disease affected my grandfather's left frontal lobes, making it difficult for him to talk or think rationally.
  • I could use my knowledge of Sperry & the Split Brain to know that with the right field of vision you can identify an object but you can't name it and if the object is on your left side of vision you can describe the shape but not name the object.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Corpus Callosum to predict that a split brained student would have trouble with reading an AP PsychologyExam (left) or with shooting a basketball in gym (right), depending on the side.
  • I could use my knowledge of genes, phenotype, and genotype to predict how my child would look like if I had kids with an ugly man.
  • I could use my knowledge of the right and left hemispheres of the brain to predict what would be affected if a certain side was damaged.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Cerebral Cortex to predict the change in behavior after a person receives brain damage to a certain lobe.
  • I could use my knowledge of Cerebral Dominance to predict that a person without a right hemisphere would be less likely to do Marching Band than someone with both hemispheres intact, because of the difficulty to memorize music.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Autonomic Nervous System to predict how a person might respond to certain stimuli, and what parts of their body (digestion, saliva, etc.) are affected as a result.

Chapter 4: Sensation and Perception

  • I could use my knowledge of plasticity to understand why my dad is sensitive to certain noises due to his PTSD.
  • I could use my knowledge of transduction to predict that some people's sensory faculties convert physical energy into neural messages differently than others, meaning that some people might have the same physical stimuli but perceive a little bit differently.
  • I could use my knowledge of sensory adaptation to predict that someone who is texting while trying to listen to their mother ramble on about random topics might have their auditory senses adapt to the sound of her voice and tone her out.
  • I could use my knowledge of skin senses to predict that this is why we are able to feel the texture of things like a fuzzy blanket.
  • I could use my knowledge of perceptual set to predict that a swimmer on the starting block would readily respond to the stimulus of the sound of the starter and dive in immediately upon hearing it.
  • I could use my knowledge of Kinesthesisto predict that when a person gets drunk it effects their kinesthesis because they can't walk in a straight line.
  • I could use my knowledge of perception and illusion to predict how a magician doesn't actually use magic, he just confuses the mind into seeing something different.
  • I could use my knowledge of top-down processingto predict that if someone takes a quick glance at a photo, they will recognize it as a whole and miss the details.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Law of Similarityto predict that if someone is at a football game they will be able to group the teams together by the color of their uniforms.
  • I could use my knowledge of Sensation to predict how someone might act if i stuck their hand in ice-cold water.
  • I could use my knowledge of Weber's lawto predict that if their were 500 hundred ducks and two went missing no one would notice unless they counted the number of ducks.
  • I could use my knowledge of neurotransmitters to predict that my dopaminelevels will decrease after taking a test that I did not study for because I will feel bad that I didn't do well.
  • I could use my knowledge of sensory adaption to predict that after jumping in a cold pool, I will eventually get use to it.
  • I could use my knowledge of illusionsto predict that everyday we are misinterpreting sensations, in addition to the existence of multiple interpretations among different people.
  • I could use my knowledge of perception to predict that I use bottom up processing when my friend sees a picture of a rabbit in the clouds, and I can't see it. After my friend points out the details, "there are the ears, the tail," I can see it.
  • I could use my knowledge of Webers Law to know that when my mom tells me to turn down my music, if I only turn it down one decibel she wont notice a difference.
  • I could use my knowledge of sensation to predict that you will pull your hand away after touching a hot stove.
  • I can use my knowledge of absolute threshold to predict that if my Dad farts within a few feet from me it'll most likely cross my absolute threshold and I'll be able to smell it, so that is why I walk away.
  • I can use my knowledge of sensory adaptation to predict that after I take my glasses off everything will be hard to look at at first but then it'll become easier after a little even though everything will still be blurry.
  • I could use my knowledge of transductionto predict that by touching the hot stove i will get burned and neural messages will be sent to my brain telling me to move my hand.
  • I can use my knowledge of perception and Illusions to predict that if I were to get lost in the desert for days and began seeing crystal clear water everywhere, I would know it's an illusion.
  • I could use my knowledge of vestibular movementto predict a tight rope walker would need this to get across or else he wouldn't maintain balance and would fall.
  • I could use my knowledge to predict that when the zombies do come functional fixedness will come in handy like building traps from sticks to stones.

Chapter 5: States of Consciousness

  • I could use my knowledge of circadian rhythms to predict that a person traveling to a different time zone would still be on the same wake/sleep cycle they were on back in their old time zone. That's jet lag!
  • I could use my knowledge of withdrawal to predict that if a heroin addict suddenly stops using the drug they will become sick and need more of the drug to feel normal again.
  • I could use my knowledge of REM sleep to predict that with the limited hours of sleep that I am going to get tonight, I will most likely enter into REM rebound.
  • I could use my knowledge of unconscious processes to predict that you will walk, blink, and breathe at the same time, without being consciously aware of it.
  • I could use my knowledge of stimulus generalization to predict that I am scared of all spiders, big or small.
  • I could use my knowledge of circadian rhythms to predict that someone traveling from the U.S. to Russia would experience a severely disrupted sleeping rhythm because of the time difference and jet lag, which they are experiencing due to the change in their schedule.
  • I could use my knowledge of the unconscious to predict that I may have a bad childhood memory repressed.
  • I could use my knowledge of tolerance to predict that John will need a higher dosage of marijuana to feel the same "high" he felt before.
  • I could use my knowledge of night terrors to predict that if you have a nightmare and you start screaming at the top of your lungs and someone wakes you up, you won't remember why you were screaming.

Chapter 6: Learning

  • I could use my knowledge of classical conditioning to train my dog to salivate at the sound of a bell (just like Pavlov did!).
  • I could use my knowledge of learning to predict that it is not just learning like school and book learning with facts and statistics, but its learning as in behavioral learning through experiences and repeated response to varying stimuli.
  • I could use my knowledge of taste-aversion learning to predict that if you eat ribs and get sick than you will probably get nausea if you see, smell, or taste that food.
  • I could use my knowledge of Skinner Boxto train my hamster how to feed itself when I'm not home and it runs out of food.
  • I could use my knowledge of Law of Effect to know that every time my dog rolls there's a reason for him looking at me with his puppy eyes because I used to give him a treat every time he rolled, which to him is the "norm."
  • I could use my knowledge of cognitive maps to teach my hamster how to navigate a maze.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Premack principleto predict that a child will stay more focused during a reading lesson if offered the opportunity to play dodgeball with his friends after the lesson is over, instead of going right into the mathematics lesson.
  • I could use my knowledge of intermittent reinforcementto predict that a long-term substitute teacher who periodically asks the class to do something that the regular teacher would definitely have asked, the substitute will have more success because the behaviors of the substitute will be partially reinforcing the concept of that even though they are new they have familiar tendencies.
  • I could use my knowledge of stimulus discrimination to predict that someone might buy a name-brand type of soda (like Sprite) despite the store-brand soda's claim that it 'tastes just like Sprite!'.
  • I could use my knowledge of continuous reinforcement to predict that a parent's failure to acknowledge a word that was read correctly by their child, when the parent had always acknowledged a correct word previously, could possibly make the child think that they read it wrong. Instead, they should have used intermittent reinforcementand only rewarded their child once in a while.
  • I could use my knowledge of a token economy to predict that Pride Bucks can be useful as secondary reinforcers, especially when their value is immediately apparent (using them to change the score of an LRQ).
  • I could use my knowledge of observational learning to predict that if I see my little brother getting rewarded for doing good in school, if I imitate that behavior, I will be rewarded as well.
  • I could use my knowledge of positive punishmentto predict which parents will be more effective in raising their children to be well-behaved.
  • I could use my knowledge of classical conditioning to understand why plums make me feeel sick: one time when I was in the car with my friends driving on a winding road, I started to feel car sick, so to take away the sickness, I ate a plum, but I started to feel even more nauseous afterwards.
  • I could use my knowledge of Cognitive maps to help freshman find their classes in high school.
  • I could use my knowledge of Albert Bandura to predict that parents who use violence will often have violent children as a result.
  • I could use my knowledge to predict that I will have a strong influence over my children, since they will be learning through observational learning.
  • I could use my knowledge of extinction to predict that over a long period of time, a conditioned response will dull.

Chapter 7:Cognition

  • I could use my knowledge of memoryto predict that by using elaborative rehearsal to study instead of maintenance rehearsal, I will get a better grade on my test because I will have encoded the information better.
  • I could use my knowledge of retroactive inference to predict that while studying for a math test, the new information recently learned will be easier to remember than anything from math class the semester before. Which may get me an A on my next test but will hinder me when trying to ace my midterm and will struggle to remember stuff.
  • I could use my knowledge of mood-congruent memoryto predict that someone who is depressed will often retrieve depressing memories and have melancholy thoughts. On the other hand, someone who is content and happy and laughing uncontrollably will often have silly and happy thoughts and retrieve good memories.
  • I could use my knowledge of transienceto predict that a long term memory will gradually fade over time. It's kind of like the "flashbulb memories" where you remember the details very clearly and accurately within a year's time, but then after a year, the memory gradually fades or is distorted. You might think you remember it very vividly, although it's not always correct.
  • I could use my knowledge of Observational Learning to predict that when you're driving with your kid that will be learning to drive soon, they will pick up good/bad habits that you do while driving. Such as if you speed, your child will most likely speed because they have watched you speed.
  • I could use my knowledge of misattribution to predict that on my next math test I will confuse the equations to use for a specific problem.
  • I could use my knowledge of suggestibility to predict that when someone tells me an idea it may not always be there own, but instead someone else's that they thought they created.
  • I could use my knowledge of absent- mindedness to predict that next time I read my AP Psychology chapter late at night i will forget it and have to reread it another time.
  • I could use my knowledge of transience to predict that I will forget most of the stuff I learned in psychology class, because most memories fade or get weaker over time.
  • I could use my knowledge of suggestibility to predict that if I said "how fast were the cars moving when they hit each other vs. smashed each other," people would give a faster speed for the smashed than the hit, because smashed has a stronger connotation than hit.
  • I could use my knowledge of Bias to predict that if told a friend of Billy's, that is well aware of Billy's clumsiness, "Guess what Billy did!" That they would assume he tripped, fell, dropped, or did something embarrassing where Billy could actually have done something quite amazing or not-clumsy.
  • I could use my knowledge of the serial position effectto predict that students will be inclined to remember the first and last items in a sequence of random words better than the words in the middle of the list.
  • I could use my knowledge of persistenceto predict that a very catchy (if annoying) jingle heard on television could be stuck in a viewer's head, even after they wish to forget about it.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Language Acquisition Device (LAD)to predict that a child born without a properly functioning LAD will be slower to discover patterns in the languages they are exposed to.
  • I could use my knowledge of confirmation biasto predict that when an event doesn't comply to my beliefs, I will ignore it, but when it does confirm my beliefs I will pay alot of attention to it.
  • I could use my knowledge of hindsight biasto predict that when my brother watches jeopardy and they announce the word, he probably didn't know the word until they said it even though he said he did.
  • I could use my knowledge of availability biasto predict that if someone asks me what I want to eat tonight, I will say Chickfila, because it will be the first thing that comes to mind when I think about food.
  • I could use my knowledge of representative bias to predict that some people think all blondes are stupid just because they know one stupid blonde.
  • I could use my knowledge of distributed learningto predict that someone who uses that method to study will do better on a test than someone who had a "cram" session, or "massed" learning.
  • I could use my knowledge of heuristics to scratch cats ears to earn affection because my two cats do that.
  • I could use my knowledge of flashbulb memoriesto acknowledge that I remember my 7th birthday clearly because of pictures and stories.
  • I could use my knowledge of infantile amnesia to predict that I can not possibly remember my birth.
  • I could use my knowledge of blocking to predict that I will accidentally go to one of my old classes once the new semester begins, showing that proactive interferenceoccured.
  • I could use my knowledge of Algorithmsto predict that I will successfully solve a Rubik's Cube every time.
  • I could use my knowledge of retrograde amnesiato predict that someone would not remember how they got their concussion after getting it.
  • I could use my knowledge of Availability Bias to predict that a person will most likely choose scissors in a game of rock paper scissors after asking them what they are wearing.

Chapter 8: Emotion and Motivation

  • I could use my knowledge of Display Rulesto explain why a foreign exchange student's behavior seems strange to me.
  • I could use my knowledge of the lateralization of emotion to predict that a car accident victim with brain damage to their left hemisphere could influence how their brain attempts to influence happiness.
  • I could use my knowledge of sensation seekers to predict that one person might need to sky dive in order to receive the same levels of sensation that a first time swimmer does on a diving board.
  • I could use my knowledge of traumatic stressorsto predict that a major natural disaster, like the March, 2011 tsunami in Japan, produced in individuals the feelings of fear, helplessness, and deep personal loss.
  • I could use my knowledge of Murray and McCelland's theory of the need for achievement (n Ach)to predict that someone with a higher need for achievement will probably be more successful as an entrepreneurs than anyone with a lower need for achievement.
  • I could use my knowledge of the opponent process theoryto predict that when someone is happy, the feeling of sadness is being suppressed and will become dominant later on while happiness is suppressed.
  • I could use my knowledge of the James-Lange theory to predict that I would start trembling from seeing a snake before I felt fear.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Cannon-Bard theoryto predict that my fear and my trembling would begin simultaneously after I noticed the snake.
  • I could use my knowledge of deception detectionto predict that when someone is lying or trying to conceal their true feelings, their pupils will dilate (heightened attention), speak slower (to think about what they are saying), have constrained movements, and not look the other person "in the eye."
  • I can use my knowledge a Polygraph (also known as a lie-detector) and what it really is, an arousal detector, to know that the results of a lie detector could be bias because either the person was nervous, scared, excited etc.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Inverted U Functionto predict that when arousal is either too high or too low, performance will suffer.
  • I can use my knowledge of overjustificationto justify why a fun project can become tedious when it is a requirement to do it.
  • I could use my knowledge of n Ach to predict that people with a high n Ach will get better grades in school than those with a low n Ach, because of their need for achievement.
  • I can use my knowledge of individualismto explain many facets of society in western countries such as the United States.
  • I could use my knowledge of traumatic stressors to predict that someone who is experiencing one will probably have post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • I could use my knowledge of the flight-or-flight responseto predict that if I was being attacked by a giant grizzly bear, I would probably choose the "flight" option, considering the fact that my chances at winning the fight would be negligible.
  • I could use my knowledge of learned helplessness to predict that if I kept on failing my math tests, I would eventually just give up. However, if I had a resilient mindset, I would be able to bounce back from this adversity, and persevere through the difficulty.
  • I could use my knowledge of immunosuppression to predict that if we suffer from chronic stress, then our immune system will become less effective and we will be more susceptible to disease and tiredness.
  • I could use my knowledge of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)to predict that if you'd been in a bad accident before, you could possibly re-experience emotional, cognitive, and behavioral aspects of past trauma.
  • I could use my knowledge of Acute Stressto predict that homework could be classified under this because the stress doesn't last long.
  • I could use my knowledge of the approach-avoidance conflictto predict that if someone had a friend that was cheating on a test, they wouldn't tell the teacher because they know it wouldn't be fair, yet they wouldn't want to lose a friend.
  • I could use my knowledge of the approach-approach conflict to predict that if I went to the mall and I only had $20, then I saw two cute shirts that I wanted I could predict that I would have a difficult time to choose which one I wanted.
  • I could use my knowledge of Locus of Controlto predict that someone who has an external locus of control is most likely a slacker who is constantly blaming others for their lack of sucess.
  • I could use my knowledge of Driveto predict that when someone is hungry, their biological needs will push them to eat.
  • I could use my knowledge of Extrinsic motivationto predict that when soccer players are paid for wins, they will want to win their game more.
  • I could use my knowledge of motivationto understand why a quarterback on a football team is still playing his hardest in the 4th quarter even when they are losing by 30 points, because their motivation will cause them to persist even when sucess is slim.
  • I could use my knowledge of Intrinsic motivationto understand an artist who never sells their paintings will still paints because of their passion for art.
  • I could use my knowledge of learned helplessnessto say that if a parent was unable to discipline their child they would eventually give up.
  • I could use my knowledge of Emotional Intelligenceto predict how my mom will react to my grades.
  • I could use my knowledge of deception cuesto predict other peoples emotions.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Inverted U Function to predict that those who performed well on our last test had the right balance between their amount of arousal and calm.

Chapter 9: Psychological Development


  • I could use my knowledge of the discontinuity view to predict that people develop in stages, or periods of life initiated by significant transitions or changes in physical or physiological functioning.
  • I could use my knowledge of contact comfort to predict that an infant who receives loving touches from his/her caretaker will form a secure attachment, while an infant who does not receive loving touches will probably form an insecure attachment.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Denial stage of death and dying to look at not only how the victim reacts to terminal illness but also compare it to how family or parents react to loved ones having non-terminal diseases or defects with long term effects.
  • I could use my knowledge of parenting styles to predict that an authoritative style will produce a confident and healthy child.
  • I could use my knowledge of Erickson's psychosocial stages to predict that a strong trustdeveloped between parent and child will foster a healthy relationship and individual later in life.
  • I could use my knowledge of tempermantto predict that a shy baby is easily scared.
  • I could use my knowledge of adolescence to predict that teenagers face the dilemma of identity vs. role confusion in Erickson's psychosocial development. Just "who am I" is the question asked.
  • I could use my knowledge of Erik Erikson's psychosocial stages to predict that adults in their 30s, 40s, and 50s will not have a "midlife crisis" as long as they develop generativity.
  • I could use my knowledge of centrationto predict that a young child would not understand that a liquid in a fat and wide glass is equal to the amount of liquid in a tall and skinny glass.
  • I could use my knowledge of the preoperation stage to hypothisise that this is why it is easier for children to learn a new language than adults.
  • I could use my knowledge of WHY a person chose to do when faced with a moral dilemma to predict what stage within Kohlberg's stages of moral developmentthe person falls in.
  • I could use my knowledge of Penis Envy to help show that everything that Freud said was not 100% accurate nor true because being a female and all, I can say that most females are not attracted to males because females are jealous of having a penis. Females are often attracted to males because of many other reasons such as the way a male acts or looks. I think many people would beg to differ with Freud if he were still around.

Chapter 10: Personality


  • I could use my knowledge of ego to predict that it tries to balance the id's unconscious desires and the superego'smorals/values. For example, if you found out that you had been given too much change at the grocery store, the superego would insist that you give it back (your conscience talking to you), while the id would might urge you to spend it on ice cream. However, the ego is the compromiser, and would find a balance between the id and superego, maybe give the money back, and then buy ice cream with your own money. Think superego = angel, id = devil, ego = moderator.
  • I could use my knowledge of Freud's Psychosexual Stagesto predict that if someone has difficulty in the oral stage, they might be talkative or dependent.
  • I could use my knowledge of The Five Factor Theory to predict that people who describe their friends' "openness to new things" is using the "O" in the OCEAN acronym.
  • I could use my knowledge of temperament to predict that a kid who has a shy temperament is more likely to be introverted and less sociable than someone with a bold temperament and an outgoing personality (they are more extroverted).
  • I could use my knowledge of the theory behind the humorsto aid in understanding ancient psychological theory.
  • I could use my knowledge of traitsto know that each person in this world is a little bit different based on their innate personal traits.
  • I could use my knowledge of locus of controlto predict that each person in this world may be able to predict their own fate.
  • I could use my knowledge of psychoanalytic theory to predict that people will act certain ways because of their unconscious.
  • I could use my knowledge of the fundamental attribution errorto predict that a person tripping may be the result of a loose tile on the floor rather than the person being clumsy.
  • I could use my knowledge of sublimationto explain why people play sports when they are angry.
  • I could use my knowledge of projectionto explain why people with weight problems call other people fat.
  • I could use my knowledege of neuroticism to explain why my friend always seems agitated and anxious, even when nothing provokes her to act that way.

Chapter 11: Intelligence

  • I could use my knowledge of reliability to predict that if a student takes the SAT more than once without studying any harder the second time, then their scores will be about the same, because reliability guarantees that if a test is taken more than once, then the scores will be about the same. If the scores are not the same, then the SAT has no reliability.
  • I could use my knowledge of subjective tests to predict that an open ended essay question, where there is no true correct or incorrect response, will have low inter-rater reliabilitybecause different test scorers will have different personal biases that affect their opinion of the question response. This is why essay contests may have several different scorers voice their thoughts on the aspects of a submitted essay, because more opinions out in the open (more data) provide an easier path towards final conclusions about the various essays - helping them to pick a winner.
  • I could use my knowledge of analytical intelligence to predict that Sternberg would refer to someone as being analytically intelligent if they score high on the SATs, and they are able to analyze different ways to manage a budget and chose the best way to use it, because analytical intelligence is the ability measured by most IQ tests and the ability to analyze problems and find correct answers.
  • I could use my knowledge of Eugenics to predict that Hitler formed concentration camps in order to create the "perfect" race. For instance, Hitler wanted everyone to have blonde hair and blue eyes so he killed off the "inferior" so that the people with the "superior" genes would prosper.
  • i could use my knowledge of heritability to predict that children that are raised the same have differences that are based off of their nature because they all received the same nurture.
  • I could use my knowledge of Self-fulfilling prophecy to predict that if a student is told they will always fail in a specific class(math, English, science) than they will but if they are told they will succeed than they will because they will feel confident in their abilities.
  • I could use my knowledge of Savant Syndrome to predict that a student may score very high in the math portion of the SAT and score mediocre in the English portion, because the Savant Syndrome is an individual who may have a strong talent for a subject such as math but then may lack that strength in another subject, such as English
  • I could use my knowledge of interpersonal intelligence to predict that therapists and psychologists would have a high interpersonal intelligence because of their relationships with patients and the ability to identify how they are feeling.
  • I could use my knowledge about Content Validity after I take a test to tell whether or not it was on what it was supposed to be on. (eg. A math test was on subtraction).

Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders

  • I could use my knowledge about Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) reason that Cases of Major depression with increase or return with the colder winter months and decrease or remiss in warmer, sunnier months.
  • I could use my knowledge of eating disorders to know that if someone (most likely a girl) isnt happy with thier body they could become Anorexia or have Bulimia.
  • I could use my knowledge of anxiety disorders to predict that if someone is constantly washing their hands, checking to see if the door is locked, organizing things, or hoarding they might have Obsessive-Compulsive disorder, because OCD is a condition in which a person has patterns of persistent, unwanted thoughts or behaviors.
  • I could use my knowledge of Attention-Deficit/hyperactivity disorder to predict that someone who is restless and has a very short attention span could have ADHD. To help this the person could take stimulants to help focus.
  • I could use my knowledge of schizophrenia to predict that talk therapy wouldn't be effective because one of the symptoms of this is disorganized speech and delusions.
  • I could use my knowledge of imprinting to predict that a flock of geese that are born and raised in an airport are most likely going to follow planes when migrating, because they will assosiacte the noise a plan makes with their care giver and provider.

Chapter 13: Treatment of Psychological Disorders


  • I could use my knowledge of antipsychotic drugs, which effect dopamine pathways in the brain, to predict that if someone uses this medicine for too long they could eventually suffer from tardive dyskinesia, causing an incurable effect on motor skills and damages to muscles in the face leading to twitches, etc.
  • I could use my knowledge of chemical imbalances , which are one of the major causes of mental disorders, to predict that if someone abuses , for example, anti depressants, once they are off the medicine, their depression will be worse due to the bodies "we don't have to produce serotonin anymore" response due to the outside source.
  • I could use my knowledge of autism, where a child "matures" later than most kids, to predict that kids with this disorder are going to have some sort of difficulty making friends in school because they lack basic knowledge of social "rules" and reactions appropriate to scenarios this in turn leads to difficulty making friends.
  • I could use my knowledge of lithium carbonate, which is a mood stabilizer that works for the human body, to predict that the chemical can dampen swings of mood that can otherwise range from uncontrollable periods of excitement, which can help people with a bipolar disorder. But people use too much of the chemical it can be very toxic.

Chapter 14: Social Psychology

  • I could use my knowledge of conformity to predict that if a group of student act like the door to a classroom is locked then the others will also think that as well. Because the others will change their behavior from thinking that the door is open to not even bothering to open the door because they see that the students there before them aren’t trying to open it. They don’t want to risk trying to open the door and find out that it is looked and feel dumb in front of their peers.
  • I could use my knowledge of cognitive dissonance to predict that if I started out not liking a class at the beginning of the school year, then by the end of the school year, it will be my favorite class, because of all the effort I put into studying and passing that class. Basically, cognitive dissonance is inconsistency between thoughts and actions. I'm thinking I hate the class, but my action is studying for it. Since my behavior and my thoughts don't match up, I have to make up for the dissonance. I do that by changing my attitude, and saying I actually like this class. This is also an example of effort justification, when I justify my actions (studying for the class I hate) by the effort. Or to put it simply, I study for a class I hate, but after all the effort I've put into the class, I start saying it was my favorite class. Why else would I study for the class? Cognitive dissonance, effort justification, and self-justification go hand in hand. We, as human beings, always want to justify our actions somehow.
  • I could use my knowledge of diffusion of responsibility to predict that next time I have to do a group project one person will just assume that the other group members will do all the work because they want a good grade. This would be diffusion of responsibilty because one person is just assuming that others will take care of it.
  • I could use my knowledge of the Asch experiment to predict that if a group of students are given two options,and a majority of the group chooses option 1, then another person who actually wanted to choose option 2 would also pick 1 because of the strength of conformity. This is also called the Asch effect: when the majority influences the individual's judgement.

  • I could use my knowledge of Stanford's Prison Experiments to predict how the power of the situation and Social norms change a person, Because in this experiment they showed how quickly average people begain to display sadistic or extreme behavior because of their uniforms and postions of power.
  • I could use my knowledge of terrorisim to predict that there will always be groups that have extreme beliefs and want to erradiacte those whom dissagree with their opinions and beliefs. By predicting this the opposing groups can prepare for an attack by conforming with those around them to help protect the ones they love. The terrorist group will use violence and agression to make sure that their point has been made.
  • I could use my knowledge of the similarity principle to predict that when kids go to summer camp, they will most likely hang out with and talk to kids that are more similar to that specific person. Also, on online dating sites, like EHarmony, people will most likely pick someone that is the most similar to that person. The similarity principle states that people are attracted to others that are most similar to them.
  • i ccould use my knowledge of diffusion of resposibility to predict that in a situation like the explosion in texas recently that it probablly took a long time before someone callled the police because there was so many people there and around the area that is happend that everyone all at the same time was thinking "someone should do something to help" or "someone should alert the police and call 911"
  • I could use my knowledge of conformity and groupthink to predict that the law to legalize marijuana may not have been a unanimous decison. Members of the legislature may have all just conformed to one another thinking that each person really did want to legalize, when in reality, the majority may not have wanted to, but because of groupthink they just wanted to all come to the same conclusion because they were scared to have a disagreement. Had they disagreed, it may have caused group polarization where the whole group is split into two due to one small difference in opinion or viewpoint.

  • I could use my knowledge of Matching Hypothesis to infer that a basketball player would be more attracted to another basketball player or someone of athletic background, rather than a nerd. This is true because Matching Hypothesis states that you are more likely to find a mate or friend that has the same level of attractiveness. In most cases, an athlete would consider themselves more attractive than a nerd and chances of them gettinf together are slim to none.