Book Definition: The Gestalt principle that identifies the tendency to fill in gaps in figures and to see incomplete figures as complete.

In Your Own Words

  • Unconsciously seeing incomplete things as wholes.
  • When your mind fills in the missing parts automatically.


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Although the panda above is not complete, enough is present for the eye to complete the shape.
  • If someone types a word wrong, and doesn't have all the words there, you still know what it says.
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  • Although you can't see the cube, closure will bring the cube into shape.

Additional Resources